Tag Archives: tax-loss harvesting


If You Like Vanguard, You’ll Love Wealthfront

I am often asked by people unfamiliar with our service, “Why should I use Wealthfront to buy a portfolio of Vanguard index funds, when I could buy the same funds directly from Vanguard without paying any advisory fee?” It’s a perfectly reasonable question, but it has a very simple answer.  Wealthfront can save you significantly more money in taxes than the 0.25% a year you’ll pay us in advisory fees — up to eight times as much, in fact. There’s also the comfort of knowing that you can take a “set it and forget it” attitude towards your investment, confident that professionals will be looking after the routine housekeeping tasks that are crucial for any investing strategy. Even Vanguard’s management […]

Not all software is created equal

I am constantly amazed at how often people ask me, “Why can’t any bank or broker with a large budget hire a bunch of engineers and easily replicate Wealthfront?” The answer is simple: not all software is created equal. If it were, you probably wouldn’t be doing all your searches on Google and buying most things from Amazon. We believe our software is simply better than our competitors’. Real World Example: Tax-Loss Harvesting A great example of our superior software is tax-loss harvesting, an important feature Wealthfront pioneered in October 2012. The goal of our daily tax-loss harvesting service is to minimize investment taxes for our clients. The service does this by selling securities that are trading at a loss […]

The Right Way and the Wrong Way to Benchmark a Diversified Portfolio

One of the biggest challenges for an investor is to determine how well her diversified portfolio is performing. The two most common benchmarks featured in published advice are: S&P 500 A 60/40 Stock/Bond portfolio Unfortunately, most published advice is incorrect. That’s because it usually encourages comparison to an irrelevant index or too generic of a model portfolio. In our opinion, the right way to benchmark a diversified portfolio is to take into account risk and taxes. Let’s Start with Indexes Most individual investors think they should benchmark their diversified portfolios against a stock index like the S&P 500®. That’s probably because such indexes are the only indexes with which they are familiar or the only indexes their financial advisors used in […]

It’s About Automation, Not Fees

Automated investment services are successful because they are automated, not because they are low priced. They are low priced because they are automated, but that’s not why most people choose them. Broadly, preference for automation is a generational thing, much like music. Baby Boomers who grew up on rock ‘n roll didn’t transition their musical taste to classical when they got older. They were conditioned as a generation to like a particular style of music, and stuck with it. We believe the same is true for the way people interact with the Internet. While older people like the convenience of the Web, they also like talking to people “in person.” In contrast young people who grew up “digitally native” prefer […]

Why Wealthfront is a wise choice for finance professionals

At first blush, the suggestion that finance professionals should choose an automated investment service like Wealthfront to manage their investments seems to make little sense. Wouldn’t folks who monitor 30-day moving averages and asset class correlations for a living prefer to actively manage their investments? Don’t they have pockets full of arbitrage trade ideas just waiting to be executed? As someone who formerly worked in fixed income derivatives, I can tell you that these idealized versions of how financial professionals handle their own portfolios rarely, if ever, occur in real life. One reason is the NYSE’s Rule 407, which applies to any employee of a firm that does business with NYSE Euronext, is a member of FINRA, or is registered […]

Investment Fees Matter, But Taxes Matter Even More

For more than 40 years, our Chief Investment Officer Burt Malkiel has been telling investors that you can’t outperform the market, so you should buy index funds and focus on the three things over which you do have control: minimizing fees, minimizing taxes and staying diversified. Minimizing fees gets a lot of attention from personal finance bloggers, but minimizing taxes gets almost none. That’s because these tax-minimization strategies are often hard to understand and even harder to put into practice, and thus have mainly been used by high net worth individuals who are serviced by well-paid financial advisors. And that’s bad news for the portfolios of average investors like yourself, because as I will show in this article, taking steps […]

How do I know my financial advisor is doing the right thing?

How do I know my financial advisor is doing the right thing? The recent significant drop in world financial markets has created a lot of anxiety – especially among people new to investing. In times like these, investors who outsource the management of their investments can’t help but wonder if they chose the right person or firm to manage their money. The challenge is it’s really hard to tell who is doing a good job when markets decline. The financial press is saturated with two false promises: the promise that there are people who can reliably beat the market, and the promise that there are people who can reliably protect you from a downturn. Despite overwhelming research to the contrary, […]

Important Lessons for New Investors

Wealthfront has grown rapidly by bringing the benefits of sophisticated investment management to a huge new generation of investors. For many of our clients, investing with Wealthfront is their first direct exposure to the stock and bond markets, and unlike savings accounts, stock and bond markets can rise and fall. For new investors, reviewing your account to find less money than you put in can be a rude shock. Where did the money go? Rationally, we all know that markets go up and down, but it feels different when you see the impact in your own account. It can even lead new investors to wonder why they made their investments in the first place – or whether services like Wealthfront […]

Your 401(k) May Not Be the Best Way to Save for Retirement

The Wealthfront blog has always made a commitment to focusing on data-driven, actionable advice. Sometimes the data challenges conventional financial advice. In this post, we look at the gospel that 401(k) accounts are the best way to save for retirement. As we will explain below, a significant number of investors could even be better off saving money in a taxable, automated investment account with direct indexing and tax-loss harvesting than they would in a 401(k). For many of you, particularly those who have long advocated for the benefits of 401(k) accounts, this might be hard to accept. However, the data clearly shows that the potential drag from high fees in 401(k) accounts and the powerful tax-deferral benefits of newly available […]

Tax-loss harvesting as a behavioral tool

It’s extremely hard to invest when markets are down. We all know it’s the “right” thing to do, but it’s hard to act in the face of fear. Unfortunately, the popular media doesn’t help. As an investing culture, we have a gaggle of catchphrases that warn you away from buying when things get tough. Aphorisms like “don’t catch a falling knife,” “the trend is your friend,” “avoid value traps” litter the investing landscape. Each time the market gets topsy-turvy, CNBC posts images of a ravaging bear, claws and fangs ready to ravage your investment portfolio. As we wrote in How To Invest In A Falling Market, it’s no surprise that study after study finds investors tend to buy high and […]